Digital Media Inequalities

Policies against divides, distrust and discrimination
Editor(s): Josef Trappel

Inequalities are the unwanted companions of media and communication. Tradi­tional analogue mass media were criticized for creating inequalities by being biased, serving hegemonic interests, and accumulating far too much power in the hands of mighty industrial conglomerates. Under the digital regime, most inequalities survived, and new ones occurred. Knowledge gaps transformed into digital divides, news journalism is challenged by social networking sites, and global corporate monopolies outperform national media companies. Algorithmic selection, surveillance, Big Data and the Internet of Things are creating new inequalities which follow traditional patterns of class, gender, wealth and education. This book revisits old and new media and communication inequalities in times of digital transition. It has been written in a collective effort by the members of the Euromedia Research Group.


Josef Trappel

Inequality, (new) media and communications
Josef Trappel

Equality – an ambiguous value
Denis McQuail

Inequality, social trust and the media. Towards citizens’ communication and information rights
Hannu Nieminen

Scale economies and international communications inequality, 1820-2020
Jeremy Tunstall

Political communication, digital inequality and populism
Stylianos Papathanassopoulos, Ralph Negrine

Economic inequality, appraisal of the EU and news media
Barbara Thomass

Inequality in the media and the “Maslow pyramid” of journalistic needs in Central and Eastern Europe
Péter Bajomi-Lázár

The illusion of pluralism. Regulatory aspects of equality in the new media
Judit Bayer

The missing link. Blind spots in Europe’s local and regional news provision
Leen d’Haenens, Willem Joris, Quint Kik

Transforming the news media. Overcoming old and new gender inequalities
Claudia Padovani, Karin Raeymaeckers, Sara De Vuyst

Invisible children. Inequalities in the provision of screen content for children
Jeanette Steemers

New forms of the digital divide
Elena Vartanova, Anna Gladkova

Information and news inequalities
Tristan Mattelart, Stylianos Papathanassopoulos, Josef Trappel

Why free news matters for social inequality. Comparing willingness to pay for news in the Nordic region
Hallvard Moe

Representation, participation and societal well-being. Addressing inequality in agency in Europe
Auksė Balčytienė, Kristina Juraitė

Towards a policy for digital capitalism?
Werner A. Meier