Transnational Othering – Global Diversities

Media, extremism and free expression
Editor(s): Elisabeth Eide, Kristin Skare Orgeret, Nil Mutluer

This anthology addresses complex, interconnected issues, such as the rise of extremism and terrorism, diversity and minority rights, as well as the situation for freedom of expression in eight different countries, most of them with a Muslim majority population. Extremists recruit terrorists through social media, and target minorities as well as freedom loving people by utilizing their freedom of expression to threaten the rights of others.
This happens not least in countries with a long experience of dictatorship. Journalists face huge challenges when reporting on these issues. The contributors are both academics and journalists, conveying their experiences from transnational research co-operation as well as reporting from the ground in conflict areas. Thus, this volume addresses itself to journalism students as well as professional journalists and others who need to navigate in a world in which both extremists and authoritarian states may stifle gender and minority rights, as well as the right to report and express oneself freely.


Elisabeth Eide, Kristin Skare Orgeret, Nil Mutluer

1. Global connections
Elisabeth Eide, Kristin Skare Orgeret, Nil Mutluer

PART ONE: Extremism and the media: Shifting sand

2. A man I knew became a suicide bomber for IS
Kristin Solberg

3. The battle over discourses. Dancing with “ISIS wolves”
Abeer Saady Soliman

4. Transnational extremist recruitment through social media
Afshin Ismaeli

5. Indonesia: When civil society, government and islamists collide
Ade Armando

6. Tunisia: Reporting terrorism
Mohamed Balti

7. Bangladesh: Social media, extremism and freedom of expression
Syeda Gulshan Ferdous Jana

8. Countering violent extremism in Bangladesh
Julfikar Ali Manik

PART TWO: Freedom of expression and new challenges

9. Pakistan’s war on free speech. Challenges and probable solutions
Altaf Ullah Khan

10. Who suppresses free speech in Bangladesh? A typology of actors
Mubashar Hasan

11. Turkey: How to deal with threats to journalism?
Bora Ataman, Barış Çoban

12. Media in Turkey. A reporter’s tale
Ayla Albayrak

13. Afghanistan: Navigating between enemies and restrictive forces
Abdul Mujeeb Khalvatgar

14. Transnational Dialogues. Cartoons, Daesh and the white terrorist
Atta Ansari

15. Tunisia: The long path towards freedom of speech
Rym Benarous

16. Literature and limits. Stories from Indonesia
Andina Dwifatma

PART THREE: The changing shades of global diversities

17. Gendered, sexualized and ethnicized clashes in Turkey’s media
Nil Mutluer

18. Indonesia: Diversities and media discrimination
Lestari Nurhajati

19. Passenger on the globalisation train
Olga Stokke

20. From journalist to refugee – and the long road back
Kristin Skare Orgeret

21. Seeing the other, reflections on the we. Globalization and citizenship
Elisabeth Eide