Negotiating Journalism

Core Values and Cultural Diversities
Editor(s): Elsebeth Frey, Mofizur Rhaman, Hamida El Bour

We need freedom of speech most when someone expresses offensive statements. Also, we need press freedom when news stories conflict the way authorities or powerful people and organizations look at the world. These freedoms are corner stones of journalism. When respected, journalism may contribute to a free flow of transparent and pluralistic information for citizens to be well informed.

Yet, journalism’s values and working methods, as well as journalists themselves, are challenged, pressured and threatened. This research anthology examines journalistic core values and how they are perceived and renegotiated in Bangladesh, Norway and Tunisia – and one chapter includes Colombia. In exploring views on journalism’s values and press freedom transnationally, the comparative chapters (Part II) discuss and reflect on what journalism is.

Finally, the case studies that close the book (Part III) offer empirical examples of journalism’s role in transitional periods and at times of ideological conflicts: When the right to religion collides with press freedom and freedom of expression, and when bloggers are killed for speaking out, journalism is on the line. This book contributes to local and global discussions on journalism and its core values in cultural diversities.

‘Journalism is under intensified threat. Some threats originate in economics, many others in politics and social life. This is why attention to the questions discussed in this anthology is valuable. If we are going to preserve journalism as a universal beacon, and indeed strengthen it going forward, the more knowledge we have about diversities in practice, the better our strategies can be.’

Guy Berger


Guy Berger

Elsebeth Frey

I. Points of Departure

Introduction: Negotiating Core Values Transnationally
Elsebeth Frey

Media Landscape in Bangladesh, Norway and Tunisia
Hamida El Bour, Elsebeth Frey, Md. Golam Rahman

II. Shared Horizons: Comparing Bangladesh, Norway and Tunisia

Objectivity – An Ideal or a Misunderstanding?
Elsebeth Frey

Media and Power: A Comparative Analysis of the Situation in Bangladesh, Norway and Tunisia
Hamida El Bour

The Relationship Between Press Freedom and Corruption: The Perception of Journalism Students
Solveig Steien

Journalistic Values and Challenges in Colombia, Bangladesh, Tunisia and Norway
Margrethe Håland Solheim

III. Single-Country Case Studies

Press Freedom Dynamics in Bangladesh
Amina Khatun, Janina Islam Abir, Mofizur Rhaman, Md. Golam Rahman

Press Freedom in Tunisia: The Post-Revolution Challenges
Souha Yacoub

When Caricature Meets Resistance
Eva Beate Strømsted

Freedom of Expression in Bangladesh in the context of Bloggers’ Killings
Ummay Habiba, Priyanka Kundu, Md. Golam Rahman, Mofizur Rhaman

The October 2012 General Strike of the Tunisian Journalists
Taoufik Yacoub

Appendix I: The Shared Horizon’s methodology used in Part II
Elsebeth Frey

Appendix II: Shared Horizons’ survey: Questionnaire for the students in the journalism bachelor programme