This book brings together leading European specialists in theories of the public sphere, media and democracy. It explores current key problems of communication, democracy and diversity, and how these are intertwined as part of media practice. Integrating geographical, historical and multicultural approaches, it develops existing thought on public sphere and democracy. In particular, it focuses on three dimensions that reflect obstacles to the European democratic project.
In exploring the reality and content of the concept of a European public sphere, the book scrutinizes the concept’s inherent values and norms as well as the nature of the formation and structure of a transnational public sphere: its efficacy, legitimacy, and pluralism.
Examining media practices, journalistic cultures and the mediation of European issues in member states, it explores how the European public sphere(s) are actualized for its citizens. Opening up the ethnic, cultural, and historical diversity of the continent, the book offers new approaches to the demands of modern European multiculturalism.
In each case, the apparent struggle between idealism and realism forces the authors to question, as well as to offer, new ways of understanding the integration process and its communicative edge.
Manufacturing Europe, Restoring Communication?
I. Theoretical Dimensions of the European Public Sphere
The European Public Sphere as a Network? Four Plus One Approaches
Uniting and Dividing. The European Public Sphere as an Unfinished Project
European Public Spheres and the Challenge of Radical Pluralism
A Cosmopolitan Temptation
II. Media, Journalism and the European Public Sphere
The European Union and Ideals of the Public Sphere. Shadows in Paradise
Beyond East and West. Alternative Spheres of Journalism, Capitalism and Public
A European Public Sphere. Media and Public Opinion
Claes de Vreese, Hajo G. Boomgaarden
III. Multiculturalism and the European Public Sphere
Public Spheres and Multiculturalism in Contemporary Europe
Charles Husband, Tom Moring
Pleasing the Crisis. Anxiety and Recited Multiculturalism in the European Communicative Space
Contextualising the Public Sphere. Freedom of Expression and Diversity in the Turkish Media
Minorities, The Process of European Union Integration, and the Minority Media in Turkey
Challenges of Integrating Ethnic Minority into the Public Sphere. The Estonian Experience
Epp Lauk, Valeria Jakobson
A Diverse and Inclusive Communicative Space in the Making? The Case of Finland
Notes on Contributors