The Nordic countries top the European Commission's digital index of 2019. Finland is the EU’s best-performing country in digitisation, while Sweden ranks second and Denmark fourth. Norway, not included in the ranking, is at the same level as the other Nordic countries.
The Nordic countries are at the forefront of digital development. This is according to the European Commission’s annual Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI), a tool for assessing EU Member States' digital development.
Each country is assessed on five dimensions:
- Connectivity, dealing with access to and use of broadband (fixed, mobile, fast and ultra fast).
- Human capital, including citizens’ digital skills and the proportion of ICT specialists among professionals.
- Use of internet services, referring to citizens’ use of the Internet, including a variety of online activities such as news, social media, music and video.
- Integration of digital technology by businesses, including e-commerce, cloud services, big data, etc.
- Digital public services, dealing with eGovernment services, e-prescriptions, open data, etc.
The index combines 34 indicators and uses a weighting system to rank each country based on its digital performance. DESI 2019 is based on data mainly from 2018.
Nordic region tops four of five areas
Finland and Sweden take first and second place in the overall index. Denmark ranks fourth, after the Netherlands.
Moreover, the Nordic region leads in four out of five sub-areas: Denmark is best in the EU in terms of connectivity and use of internet services, while Finland ranks first in human capital (Internet skills) and in the level of digital public services in the community. See the matrix below.
DESI Index 2019: The Nordic EU members rank among 28 EU countries
Norway scores equally high as its Nordic neighbours, and would have ranked fifth in the overall index if included in the ranking. (Norway is monitored by the DESI indicators, but the ranking includes EU member states only). 
 For Iceland, also not an EU member, the latest DESI country report is 2015.
More about the Digital Economy and Society Index: The annual DESI aims to measure the progress of EU member states towards a digital economy and society. The results are reported both in country profiles and in thematic chapters presenting a European-level analysis. The country reports combine detailed results for the indicators included across the five dimensions of the index with country-specific policy insights (e.g. about digitisation strategies and action plans) and best practices. For more information on the method, see DESI Fact Sheet 2019.